Exercises You Can Use With Senior Population
The physiological functioning of our body begins to deteriorate after the age of 50, the muscles start to decline at a faster rate, decreased cardiac output, the low metabolic rate among other body physiological changes that prevent the body effective and efficient functioning of day to day activities. The process of aging can leave a person dependent on others for the assistance of daily activities, however, it is possible to counter and slow physiological effects of aging through regular physical activities, but it is good to mention that exercise program for the senior population should be individualized to meet the person physical needs this is because this group is categorized as a high-risk group in physical exercises and they need constant monitoring. Seniors mainly need assistance with basic activities such as feeding, dressing, and bathing these challenges can be tackled using personalized exercises that address these challenges, this article highlights some physical exercises that can be used to help seniors to improve their day to day living.
The senior population face challenges in doing simple tasks of daily living (ADL) like feeding, dressing, bathing as well as instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as cooking, shopping, and other home chores, because of aging-related chronic conditions like arthritis that significantly affect their flexibility, decreased muscle mass making it challenging for this group to withstand physical exertions for a considerable amount of time, heart conditions that put them on cardiac arrest risk among other things that make it hard to engage them in a regular exercise program. Therefore, this group can benefit from exercises that are tailored to improve ADL and IADL, the primary goal of the exercise program of the seniors should to make them independent, flexibility and fine mortar skills exercise play a vital role in this group.
One of the major cause of death of the senior population is heart attack which results in sudden death, this is why it is important to tailor an exercise program that aims at improving the cardiovascular system of this population, aerobic exercises are best at improving heart functionalities, however, these aerobic activities should be of low to moderate intensity to make sure the seniors are exercising within a safe zone, some of the popular aerobic activities are walking, hydrodynamics exercises, swimming and cycling, it is also advised to monitor the exercises and regularly check the heart rate, blood pressure and perceived exercise exertion to make sure they are safe and all possible risks associated with exercises for the seniors are minimized or eliminated, where possible collect data that you can use to modify or manipulate the exercise program to ensure you have a progressive fitness regimen which is safe and reliable.
Alzheimer’s is another brain condition that most senior individuals experience, this degenerative brain disease prevents the individual from completing basic tasks and even remembering simple things and do not even know questions to ask which make it difficult to hold a meaningful conversation, this condition can be slowed by engaging the individual in ADL and IADL such as walking cooking, and dancing. Those are some exercise for the senior population.